Monthly Archives: December 2012





Wicca Ethics

The Wiccan Rede

Wiccan morality is ruled according to the Wiccan Rede, which (in part) states ” Antiharm none,do what thou wilt!” ( “An” is an archaic word- meaning “if”.)

Others follow the slightly adapted Rede of: “An it harm none, do what Ye will….if harm it does,do what Ye must”.

Either way, the Rede is central to the understandind that personal responsibility,rather than a religious authority,is where moral structure resides.

One of the major differences between Wiccans and other types of witchcraft is the Rede.

Many “traditional” witches – or witches that follow other paths- do not believe in the Rede. This is a major topic of controversy within the Wiccan and Pagans communities.

Many Wiccans also believe that NO magick can be performed on any other person without that person’s direct permission ( excepting pets and young children who can protected by parents and owners).

Sometimes- when permission is expected but not yet attained; magickal energy will be placed on the astral plane for the receiver to gather vif and when he/she is ready.

The Law of Threefold Return:

Many wiccans also promote the Law of Threefold Return,or the idea that anything that one does may returned to them  X3.

In other words ,good deeeds are magnified back to the doer,but so are ill deeeds.

The Threefold Law is sometimes stated like this: ” Ever Mind The Rule of Three – Three Times Yours Acts Return to Three – This Lesson Well, Thou Must Learn; Thou only Gets What Thee Dost Earn”.

161 Laws:

May be some Wiccans who also follow,or at least consider, a set of 161 Laws often reffered to as Lady Sheba’s Laws.

Theay are based in large part on Gerald Gardner’s Old Laws, which he attributed to his New Forest Coven and first came to light in 1957.

Some find these rules to be outdated and counterproductive. I have heard comments such as ” where find much of this document, regardless of origins, to be outdated and unnecessary.It is at points sexist and ageist,and it is saturated with paranoia associated with the myth of the Burning Times.”

Eight Wiccan Virtues

Most Wiccans also seek to cultivate the Eight Wiccan Virtues.

There may have been derived from earlier Virtue Ethics,but were first formulated by Doreen Valiente in the Charge of the Goddess.

They are “Mirth,Reverence,Honour, Humility, Strength, Beauty, Power, and Compassion.”

They are in paired oppsites- which are perceived as balancingt each other.

Wicca and Feminism:

Wicca has a close association with feminism,and many Wiccans say their are attrracted to Wicca in large part because of its emphasis on female equality, divinity and power.

In addition to this emphasis on the Goddess, an attractive aspect of Wicca for feminists in the ability to indentify with powerful historical women who were persecuted by the male – dominated Christian church.

Dianic  Wicca – is the most feminist- oriented tradition of Wicca,in that it emphasizes the Goddess alone and excludes men from covens.

Other traditions,however, believe that this approach in improper ” and interferes with the balance of masculine and feminine in nature”.

Wicca and Homosexuality:

Throughout the majority of Wicca: and Neopaganism, ” all sexual orientations are accepted” : Sexual orientations is therefore not considered an issue.

Gay,lesbian,bisexual and transgender people are almost always welcomed in individual communities,covens,study groups,and circles.

Many homosexual Neo- Pagans were initiatly attracted to Neo-Pagan religions because of this inclusion,in which their relationships are seen on an equal footing.{{ Sometimes their desire is more specifically “to move away from what they see as homophobic pressure” in their original religion (s) of childhoods}}.

In support of this philosophy, many Neopagans cite the Charge of the Goddess, which say : “All acts of Love and Pleasure are Her rituals.”Therefore all forms and expressions of sexuality, as long as they are otherwise healthy and consensual, are accepted.

*One qualified exception is: Gardnerian Wicca and few other relatively traditional grooups…Gardnerians do not make any word judgments about homosexual people, but  they usually form their covens from male- female pairs.*

Most traditional Wiccan covens aspire to having equal numbers of men and women, to embody their belief in the importance of balance between the male and female ( which extends to sexually). This ,and the imbalance of female and male practitioners, can sometmes be a practical obstacle to gay people and women who wish to join traditional circles,an obstacle often shared by single people.The acual sexual orientation of the individual is not an issue.

Kemetic Ethics:

Kemetic Ethics are based in the Egyptian concept of Ma’at, ” which is – truth,justice,order, and ” that which is right”.

In addition Kemetics look to ancient Egyptian Law Texts: such as the Declaration of Innocence ( also called  the “Negative Confessions”), which contain a list of  42 sins a deceased person clain not to have done, and the Wisdom Texts, which are pieces of advice written by Ancient Egyptians.

The Declaration of Innocence includes such  sins -as- murder, muddying the rivers of the Nile river, adultery,theft. eavesdropping, and sexual perversion.This last  sin is often translated in older texts as committing  homosexuality , but Kemetic Reconstructionists consider this mis-translation and are open to homosexual members. {{ A common theory is that the prohibition refers to child prostituton…for this has been frowned upon and punishable under  layman laws in the most civilized countries in the world – for eons}}.

Modern Craft Laws:

Many traditions still keep to the 164 “Craft Laws” or Ordains”.

These so called “ancient” Laws – were written in 20th century- and are probably more a romantic notion- than acually being the ” ancient and sacred” laws they are often portrayed to be. In fact ,they  they were written by Gerald Gardner.

He began writing  what  he called the ” Ardanes” shortly after he established his first ” public” Coven.They were written in archaic language to give the flavor of antiquity. Gardner modified and added to these “Laws” over the years to suit his own views and purposes.Additinally, the “Ardanes” reflect the very patriarchal world view common at the time  that they were writennd many contemporary women  find some of them highly offensive.

Most Traditional Craft Covens retain them in their Coven Book of Shadows purely as an historical artifact.

Most wiccan traditions – adhere  to more modern  ” Covenants of Sacred Low” – ther are many variations ,there are adapted from the Temple of Danann:

1: Love is the Law and Love is the Bond.

2: Honor , Love and Trust  are the Sacred Vitues of the wise ,within the Circle and without.

3:Whatever action you take  will return to you threefold.

4: An it harm none ,live according to Will.

5: The wise shall rever each living thing , for all life is sacred.

6: The wise shall give due revereence to the Old Ones and obey their Will.

7: The Wise shall observe the Sacred Days…the Sabbats.

8: Sacred Knowledge {of the Craft) may be revealed to the unworthy.

9: None may enter the Circle without purification and then only with the sanction of presiding Priestess and Priest. {{ Solitary Practiitioners purify yourselves and your sacred place}}

10: All due respect shall be given to the Priest and Priestess who serve as representives of the Old ones.

11: As the wise are to the Old ones, so shall be their Sacredness.

12: All are equal within and without the circle according to ability and knowlenge.

13: Judge not the path of Brother or sister ,for all paths are Sacred.

Wiccans see ” entire universe as abeneficcent living being with all things connected”- alll crucial and sacred,our God – Goddess- implore us to celebrate love, laughter, art, sexuality, dance, music,food, song, birth and death- as necessary and beautiful parts of ” the Eternal Great Dance”.



Alexander’s last words:  “Bury my body, do not build any monument, keep my hands outside so that the world knows the person who won the world had nothing in his hands when dying“.

There is very instructive incident involving the life of Alexander, the great Greek Macedonian king. Alexander, after conquering many kingdoms, was returning home. On the way, he fell ill and it took him to his death bed. With death staring him in his face, Alexander realized how his conquests, his great army, his sharp sword and all his wealth were of no consequence.

He now longed to reach home to see his mother’s face and bid her his last adieu. But, he had to accept the fact that his sinking health would not permit him to reach his distant homeland. So, the mighty conqueror lay prostrate and pale, helplessly waiting to breathe his last. He called his generals and said, “I will depart from this world soon, I have three wishes, please carry them out without fail.” With tears flowing down their cheeks, the generals agreed to abide by their king’s last wishes.

“My first desire is that,” said Alexander, “My physicians alone must carry my coffin.” After a pause, he continued, “Secondly, I desire that when my coffin is being carried to the grave, the path leading to the graveyard be strewn with gold, silver and precious stones which I have collected in my treasury.

“The king felt exhausted after saying this. He took a minute’s rest and continued. “My third and last wish is that both my hands be kept dangling out of my coffin.”The people who had gathered there wondered at the king’s strange wishes. But no one dare bring the question to their lips.

Alexander’s favorite general kissed his hand and pressed them to his heart. “O king, we assure you that your wishes will all be fulfilled. But tell us why do you make such strange wishes?”

At this Alexander took a deep breath and said: “I would like the world to know of the three lessons I have just learnt. I want my physicians to carry my coffin because people should realize that no doctor can really cure any body. They are powerless and cannot save a person from the clutches of death. So let not people take life for granted.

The second wish of strewing gold, silver and other riches on the way to the graveyard is to tell People that not even a fraction of gold will come with me. I spent all my life earning riches but cannot take anything with me. Let people realize that it is a sheer waste of time to chase wealth.

And about my third wish of having my hands dangling out of the coffin, I wish people to know that I came empty handed into this world and empty handed I go out of this world.

Picture of Alexander


Death is always on the way, but the fact that you don’t know when it will arrive seems to take away from the finiteness of life. It’s that terrible precision that we hate so much. But because we don’t know, we get to think of life as an inexhaustible well. Yet everything happens a certain number of times, and a very small number, really. How many more times will you remember a certain afternoon of your childhood, some afternoon that’s so deeply a part of your being that you can’t even conceive of your life without it? Perhaps four or five times more. Perhaps not even. How many more times will you watch the full moon rise? Perhaps twenty. And yet it all seems limitless.


I dont think of my self as a tourist;Im a traveler. The difference is one of time, I’d explain: Whereas the tourist general hurries back home at the end of few weeks or months, the traveler belonging no more to one place than the next, moves slowly. over periods of years, for one part of the earth to another…. another important difference between tourist and traveler is that the former accept his own civilization without question; not so the traveler who copares it the others and reject those elements he finds not his living….

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The Ferrymans Hut