ΑΙΘΕΡΙΑ ΕΛΑΙΑ – ESSENTIAL OILS

Αγριο Κυπαρισσι

Juniper Berry Essential Oil

Ο Αρκευθος ή Αγριο Κυπαρισσι (Juniperberry) προέρχεται από το φυτό με την κοινή ονομασία Juniperus Communis. Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Αρκευθου προέρχεται από απόσταξη ατμού των σπόρων του και έχει ένα φρέσκο, βαλσάμικο, ξυλώδες και γλυκό άρωμα.

Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Αρκευθου χρησιμοποιείται για το βήχα, για φλεγμονές του ουροποιητικού συστήματος, για την ακμή και το άγχος, για αιμορροΐδες, ως αντιπυρετικό, αντιρρευματικό, αντισηπτικό, αντισπασμωδικό, αντιτοξικό, αφροδισιακό και τονωτικό. Επίσης χρησιμοποιείται ενάντια στην αρτηριοσκλήρωση, σε δερματίτιδες, διανοητική κόπωση, δυσπεψία, έκζεμα, κυτταρίτιδα, μυϊκούς πόνους, νευρική ένταση, παχυσαρκία, ρευματισμούς και για τόνωση του κυκλοφορικού.

 Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Αρκευθου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: Δεντρολίβανο, Έλαια κωνοφόρων, Λεμόνι, Γκρέϊπφρουτ και Ιεροβότανο.

Botanical Name: Juniperus communis L.
Family: Cupressaceae.
Synonyms: Common juniper.
Origin: Native to the northern hemisphere. Grows in dry areas in Europe, Asia, Africa, and North America. The oil is produced mainly in France, Italy, Canada, Austria, Spain and Germany.
Botanical Description: An evergreen perennial shrub that may reach up to 5-meter (15 ft.) high, with bluish-green narrow needle like leaves. It has an irregular stem and the leaves are terminated by a sharp thorn. Inconspicuous male and female flowers on separate plants. The berries are round and blue-violet in color.
Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by the steam distillation of the dried ripe berries. The oil is a pale yellow to colorless mobile liquid. Yield 0. 5 to 2.5%.
Aroma Profile: Has a fresh, pine needle-like top note. The middle note is warm and balsamic sweet with a pine like undertone. The dry out is rich, balsamic, fairly tenacious.
Major Constituents: α-pinene(35%), myrcene (30%), β-pinene, sabinene, limonene.
Adulterants: With distillate of fermented berries used in the manufacture of alcoholic beverages (gin). Indicated by sharp terpenic oils.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20.
Aromatherapy: Juniper berry essential oil is refreshing, strengthening, restoring, warming.
Blends well with: Lavender, lavandin, pine, clary sage, cypress, vetiver, sandalwood, rosemary, fir needle, basil, fennel.
Safety Data: Generally non-toxic, non-sensitizing. A skin irritant. Avoid during pregnancy.

Βασιλικος

Basil Essential Oil

 Ο Βασιλικος (BASIL) είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Ocimum basilicum. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Βασιλικου προέρχεται από την απόσταξη ατμού των φύλων του. Λόγω της γλυκιάς μυρωδιάς του είναι ένα από τα ευρύτερα διαδεδομένα αιθερια ελαια.

Στην αρωματοθεραπεια ο Βασιλικος θεωρείται πως αναζωογονεί σώμα και πνεύμα. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Βασιλικου χρησιμοποιείται για την αντιμετώπιση κρυολογημάτων, συμπτωμάτων γρίπης, βήχα, σωματικής κόπωσης και εξάντλησης. Ανακουφίζει από μυϊκούς πόνους και από πόνους ρευματισμών.

 Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Βασιλικου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: Περγαμοντο, Ιεροβοτανο, Γαρυφαλο, Λάιμ, Ευκαλυπτο, Αρκευθο, Λεμονι, Νερολι, Δεντρολιβανο.

Sweet Basil, Ocimum basilicum is an herbaceous member of the mint family. It is a delicate herb with a bold aroma and flavor, containing about 1% essential oil which has an intense, spicy-sweet, aroma and a slight anise-like undertone. Often associated with Italian cuisine, basil is native to the region surrounding the Mediterranean Sea. Popular as a seasoning and easy to grow, basil is cultivated and used throughout the world. Basil will flourish in your garden or in a pot on a sunny windowsill as long as it gets lots of warmth, water and sun. You can snip fresh basil leaves into a pasta dish or salad and have your aromatherapy and eat it too!
In addition to its culinary use, basil has a long history as a medicinal herb. The Greek physician Dioscorides prescribed basil for headache. Pliny thought it was an aphrodisiac; his contemporaries fed it to horses during the breeding season. In modern aromatherapy, basil is used to cheer the heart and mind. The sweet, energizing aroma seems to help relieve sorrow and melancholy.
Basil is a polymorph, meaning it occurs in many different forms, varieties and closely related species. The different types are easily hybridized, producing many different kinds of plants with different essential oil constituents and compositions. There are cinnamon, lemon, clove and licorice scented basils; purple and green, curly and lettuce leafed varieties. Dwarf bush types with tiny leaves are grown as ornamental plants.
Two varieties of basil are used in the extraction of essential oil on a large scale. Reunion Island, or Exotic basil, is grown and distilled on Reunion Island in the Indian ocean. European type basil essential oil was originally grown and distilled in southern France but is now cultivated in America as well.
The constituents that give basil its aroma and flavor are linalool also found in lavender and clary sage; methyl chavicol, which is found in tarragon; and eugenol which is found in clove and allspice. Reunion basil oil contains camphor and little or no linalool. Because of its more harsh, woody aroma Reunion basil is cheaper and of little use in aromatherapy, which makes use of basil’s mildly energizing, uplifting, refreshing qualities. It is often combined with other oils that contain linalool including lavender, bergamot, clary sage and geranium. Its aroma is both inspiring and balancing, akin to lavender oil but more energizing than relaxing. Some people are sensitive to the methyl chavicol in basil oil and may experience redness or burning if the oil isn’t properly diluted before being applied to the skin. (2 parts basil oil to 98 parts carrier such as vegetable oil.) Basil oil is not recommended for use by pregnant women.

Basil Refreshing & Rejuvenating Blend
This recipe for a refreshing, rejuvenating aromatherapy blend helps relieve the physical and emotional fatigue associated with stress. This fresh, sweet aroma with its spicy green basil nuance inspires clarity and positive thinking. Featuring basil, bergamot, eucalyptus, lavender and peppermint.
You can combine several drops of the blend with 1/4 cup distilled water and diffuse it into the air using a candle aromatherapy lamp. This fresh, sweet aroma with its spicy green basil nuance inspires clarity and positive thinking.

Βανιλια

Vanilla

 Η Βανιλια είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού (Vanilla Planifolia). Η Βανιλια που είναι διαθέσιμη στο Sensities έχει μουλιάσει σε διάλυμα οργανικού ηλιέλαιου χωρίς χρήση αλκοόλ . Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Βανιλιας έχει ένα γλυκό, χαρακτηριστικά αναγνωρίσιμο άρωμα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Βανιλιας χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για την νευρικότητα, τις αϋπνίες, το στρες, την ένταση και την κατάθλιψη. Θεωρείται ότι προκαλεί ένα ευχάριστο συναίσθημα ευεξίας παρόμοιο με την κατανάλωση σοκολάτας. Αρκούν μόνο λίγες σταγόνες αιθέριου ελαίου βανίλιας σε μία συσκευή ή σε ένα λάδι για μασάζ, για να νιώσετε την αισθησιακή και εξωτική αίσθηση που αφήνει. Ένα αρωματικό μπάνιο με βανίλια μπορεί να είναι χαλαρωτικό, αναζωογονητικό, ακόμα και αφροδισιακό.
Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Βανιλιας συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με : Orange, Lemon, Neroli, Chamomile, Lavender, Sandalwood.

Botanical Name: Vanilla planifolia Jacks.

Family: Orchidaceae.
Synonyms: V. fragrans (Salisb.) Ames; Bourbon vanilla; Mexican vanilla; Madagascar vanilla.
Origin: Native to Mexico and South America. It is cultivated mainly in Madagascar, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, Tahiti, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Reunion Island. The major exporting countries are Madagascar, Indonesia, the Comoros, Reunion, Mexico, and Tahiti. Vanilla CO2 extract
is one of the most expensive products used in aromatherapy today.
Botanical Description: A perennial, evergreen, herbaceous climbing fleshy vine up to 25-m (100 ft.) high with thick, dark-green leaves, green unlignified wide stem, and lilylike, whitish-green flowers. The fruit is vanilla ‘pods’ or ‘beans’ and are cured and conditioned to produce the fragrant brown vanilla beans. The beans are about 5 in. long and one-half in. thick. A healthy vine produces around 100 pods per year, which mature 8 to 9 months after flowering. All vanilla is produced by hand pollination.
CO2 Extraction: The extract is obtained by supercritical fluid extraction of the fragrant brownish beans using carbon dioxide as the solvent. It is a light brown, very viscous liquid.
Aroma Profile: The top note is deep, rich sweet balsamic. The aroma is lingering sweet balsamic.
Major Constituents: Vanillin, vanillic acid, p-hydroxy-benzaldehyde.
Adulterants: Synthetic vanillin.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20.
Aromatherapy: Calming, comforting, balancing
Blends well with: Sandalwood, Peru balsam, vetiver, coriander, cinnamon.

Βετιβερια

Vetiver Essential Oil

 Η Βετιβερια (Vetiver) είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Vetiveria Zizanoides. Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Βετιβεριας προέρχεται από απόσταξη των ριζών του φυτού και έχει ένα βαρύ δασώδες γήινο άρωμα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Βετιβεριας χρησιμοποιείται σε περιόδους έντονου στρες, για την αϋπνία, τη νευρικότητα και την ένταση, για μυϊκούς πόνους και καλή κυκλοφορία του αίματος. Επίσης χρησιμοποιείται ως αντισηπτικό, τονωτικό, κατασταλτικό, αντικαταθλιπτικό, κατά της χρόνιας κόπωσης και ως αφροδισιακό. Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Βετιβεριας συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με : sandalwood, ylang ylang, clary sage, lavender, patchouli, jasmin, rose.

Botanical Name: Vetiveria zizanoides (L.) Nash ex Small.
Family: Poaceae.
Synonyms: Andropogon muricatus Retz.; Anatherum zizanioides (L) H & C; Phalaris zizanioides (L); khas-khas ; khus-khus ; vetivert.
Origin: Native to India. Vetiver is grown commercially for oil in Java, the Seychelles, Reunion, Brazil, Haiti, Japan. In the USA, Central America and some West African countries it’s grown for other purposes.
Botanical Description: A densely tufted perennial grass up to 3-meter (10 ft.) high, normally developing large clumps, with a rhizome and fibrous root system containing an essential oil. The roots are very aromatic.
Oil Extraction: Vetiver essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the dried above chopped roots. The oil is amber, grayish-brown, olive-brown, dark brown viscous liquid. Yield 1 to 4.6%.
Aroma Profile: The top note is sweet, earthy, should not be overly smoky, green, or potato-peel like. The body note is richly sweet, heavy earthy, fragrant-woody. The dry-out is very tenacious.
Major Constituents: Zizanol, bicyclo vetivenol, vetivones, khusinol, khusimone, β-vetivenene.
Adulterants: Not commonly adulterated.
Regulatory Status: 172.510. FDA 121.1163.
Aromatherapy: Soothing, relaxing, anchoring.
Blends well with: Sandalwood, lavender, lavandin, jasmine, geranium, rose, patchouli, clary sage, ylang ylang, melissa, cassia, bergamot.

Γαρυφαλλο

Clove Bud Essential Oil

 Το Γαρύφαλλο (Clove Leaf) προέρχεται από το φυτό με την κοινή ονομασία Eugenia Cariophyllata. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γαρυφαλλου προέρχεται από διύλιση των φύλλων του και έχει ένα πικάντικο, ζεστό και γλυκό άρωμα. .

Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Γαρυφαλλου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία ως αναλγητικό, αντιμολυσματικό, αντιμυκητιακό, αντισηπτικό, αφροδισιακό, γενικό νοητικό και συναισθηματικό τονωτικό, αναζωογονητικό και εντομοαπωθητικό. Επίσης για ιγμορίτιδα, ιλαρά, κατά του πονόδοντου,των κολικών,για μυϊκούς πόνους, μώλωπες, ναυτία, νευραλγίες, πλευρίτιδα, πληγές, πονόδοντο, ρευματικούς πόνους, ακμή, άσθμα, βρογχίτιδα, διάρροια, διαστρέμματα, δυσπεψία και εγκαύματα. .

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γαρυφαλλου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: rose, ylang ylang, clary sage, bergamot.

Botanical Name: Syzygium aromaticum (L.) Merr. & L. M. Perry
Family: Myrtaceae.
Synonyms: Caryophyllus aromaticus L.; Eugenia aromatica (L.) Baill.; Eugenia caryophyllata Thunb.; Eugenia caryophyllus (C. Spreng) Bull. & Hart., lavanga
Origin: Native to tropical Asia. Now cultivated worldwide, especially Madagascar, Philippines. Traditionally cultivated in Tanzania, Madagascar and East African Islands. The major oil-producing countries are Madagascar and Indonesia.
Botanical Description: An evergreen tropical tree that grows up to 12-meter (40 ft) high. Has large glossy green leaves and small white flowers with numerous prominent stamens. The buds appear as rosy-pink corolla; as the corolla fades the calyx turns red.
Oil Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by water distillation of the buds. The oil is pale yellow to amber brown mobile liquid.   Yield 15 to 20%.
Aroma Profile: The top note is a fruity-fresh acetic odor. The body note is typical of eugenol clove note supported and sweetened by the elements of the top-note. The dry-out is a lingering, dry, sweet-spicy note.
Major Constituents:Eugenol (70 to 80%), β-caryophyllene (2 to 7%), eugenyl acetate (8 to 15%).
Adulterants: Clove stem oil, clove leaf oil.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20.
Aromatherapy: Clove bud essential oil is warming, sense-enhancing.
Blends well with: Rose, vanilla, lavender, bergamot, clary sage, bay leaf, lavandin, allspice, ylang ylang.

Γερανι Bourbon (Κιουλι)

Geranium Essential Oil

 Το Γερανι Bourbon (Geranium Bourbon) ή αλλιώς Κιούλι είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Pelargonium Roseum.  Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γερανιου Bourbon προέρχεται από την απόσταξη των φύλων και ανθών του και έχει ένα υπέροχο άρωμα μεταξύ ρόδου και γερανιού.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γερανιου Bourbon χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για την μείωση του στρες, την ισορροπία των ορμονών και ως παυσίπονο.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γερανιού συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: lavender, rosewood, patchouli, clove, rose, neroli, sandalwood, jasmine, juniper, bergamot.

Pelargonium graveolens, the rose-scented geranium, belongs to the same plant genus as the popular red-flowered window box geranium. Geraniums are native to arid areas of South Africa’s Cape Province. The plant is highly drought resistant, thanks to its semi-succulent, water-conserving stems and leaves.
The essential oil in rose geranium leaves has constituents — geraniol, linalol and citronellol — that are also present in rose oil. It’s not surprising that the aroma of geranium’s fragrance resembles that of rose with a musty, minty-green undertone.
Geranium oil has been described as a natural perfume complete unto itself. It’s often used to scent soaps and detergents because, unlike many other essential oils, rose geranium’s aroma profile is not readily affected by the alkaline nature of soap products.
Rose geranium varies much across strains and distillations, in part because the plant is greatly influenced by the climate and soil in which it grows. Geranium oil can range from very sweet and rosy to musty, minty and green. One type of geranium oil, known as Bourbon, has established itself as a premium perfume oil. Bourbon geranium is cultivated and distilled exclusively on the island of Reunion in the Indian ocean. The environment of Reunion has produced a strain of geranium with a very rich, rosy aroma. Perfumers prefer to work with Bourbon oil because it blends well with a wide array of very different oils including clove, sandalwood and lavender.
The main geranium oil-producing regions of the world are found on the African continent, Russia, China and Reunion. Russian and Chinese oils tend to have a greener, fresh-rosy aroma while Egyptian and Reunion oils tend to be heavier and darker.
Geranium oil is distilled from the above-ground parts of the plant. Most of the essential oil glands are found in its leaves. After cutting, the plants are partially dried to increase the yield of oil. That way there’s less water to be vaporized and extracted from the plant material during the distillation.
Popular during the Victorian era, rose geranium was often kept potted in parlors were a fresh sprig was always available to revive the senses. The fresh leaves were also offered in finger bowls at formal dining tables.
Today, geranium is an indispensable aromatherapy oil. It’s one of the best skincare oils, offering relief from congested, oily and dry skin. On an emotional level, geranium promotes stability and balance.
Geranium Toning Cream
Geranium skin preparations are gently astringent, opening pores and clearing oily complexions. A tonifying cream containing geranium oil makes a nourishing moisturizer and makeup remover.
Geranium Balancing Aromatherapy Blend
The balancing effect that geranium oil has on our emotions is often utilized in aromatherapy. Though geranium is distilled from leaves, its aroma and effects are comparable to such floral oils as rose and lavender. Humans are drawn to floral aromas because their pleasant scents can be uplifting and gently inspiring — or evoke a sense of calm and tranquility.

Γιασεμι

Jasmine Essential Oil

 Το Γιασεμι (Jasmin) είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Jasminum Officinale. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του γιασεμιου προέρχεται από το άνθος του και έχει ένα πλούσιο γλυκό άρωμα. To λαμβάνουμε με την Αbsolute διαδικασία που θεωρείτε η ιδανικότερη για να παραχθεί καθαρό αιθέριο έλαιο γιασεμιού.

Χρησιμοποιείται για την καταπολέμηση της μελαγχολίας, μυϊκών θλάσεων, για τους πόνους της περιόδου και της γέννας και ως αφροδισιακό.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γιασεμιού συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: Bergamot, clary sage, frankincense, geranium, lavender, orange, mandarin, neroli, palmarosa, rose, rosewood, sandalwood, ylang ylang.

Jasmine is one member of a genus of about 200 species of shrubs and climbing vines that are native to tropical areas of southeast Asia, Africa and Australia. The popularity of their fragrance has resulted in many species of jasmine now being grown all over the world.
True jasmine grows as a climbing vine with oval, shiny leaves and tubular, waxy-white flowers. Two types of jasmine are used for the extraction of oil. Some botanists describe them as two distinct species: J. grandiflorum and J. officinale, while others consider J. grandiflorum to be a variety of officinale. The oil of the two flowers is virtually identical; for aromatherapy purposes they are used interchangeably.
Jasmine has always presented special problems to those who attempt to extract its alluring perfume. Although the plant blooms reliably and consistently, it only produces a few delicate flowers per plant over a period of days to weeks. These flowers last only one day, but continually produce essential oil before they wither and die. Steam distillation or solvent extraction immediately kills the flowers and stops oil production in the living blossom. Although distillation and solvent extraction are the most time-effective and least costly methods of deriving essential oil from large masses of plant material, in the case of jasmine flowers, these processes can actually decrease the total yield possible from the living flower.
This fact makes jasmine flowers especially appropriate for an extraction process known as enfleurage, or fat maceration. In this process fat absorbs the volatile aromatic compounds from the living flower over several hours. When the fat becomes saturated, the aroma is then extracted from the fat rather than directly from the flower.
The enfleurage extraction process begins with the hand-picking of the jasmine flowers after they open at night. Harvest takes place all the way through to morning, before the sun drives the aroma from the flowers. The freshly picked blooms are laid out on panes of fat-covered glass, stacked so the aromatic volatiles don’t escape into the air. This ensures that every molecule of essential oil is absorbed by the fat. This process is repeated for several days with successive layers of fresh flowers, until the fat is thoroughly saturated with aroma.
The saturated fat is next melted under very low heat, then filtered. In traditional enfleurage the aromatic compounds are extracted from the fat with alcohol. The alcohol is then gently distilled away to leave behind the pure essence. To make this process more efficient, much fat is now extracted with solvents for a higher yield of oil. The final product of this process is an absolute.
Enfleurage is time consuming and costly. Despite the fact that yields from direct solvent extraction of the flowers are lower, that process is most often used today because it’s so cost-effective. The limited quantities of jasmine processed via enfleurage are very expensive.
The effects and uses of jasmine in aromatherapy are similar to rose, another costly floral oil. Both are unsurpassed emotional tonics, especially for women, but traces of jasmine can add great depth and complexity to less floral and more traditional masculine blends. Jasmine has a heavy, rich, animal-like quality akin to musk oil in its effects.
Although jasmine has been considered an exotic and powerful aphrodisiac since antiquity, little clinical evidence exists to support this notion. But personal experiences with the oil often indicate otherwise. The sensuously rich and exotic aroma of a jasmine based massage oil can certainly be relied upon to evoke a romantic mood. To make your own massage oil add 12 drops of jasmine to 3 ounces of sweet almond oil.
Sandalwood and patchouli are two other oils traditionally thought of as aphrodisiacs. A balanced blend of these oils consists of 50 drops sandalwood, 25 drops patchouli and 25 drops of jasmine. This sensuous elixir can be used as a powerfully concentrated perfume a single drop at a time.
Jasmine can be an effective addition to an emotional tonic milk bath, that will gently soak away worry and stress. Add 3 drops of jasmine, 6 drops of lavender, 2 drops of clary sage and a single drop of bergamot oil to 3 ounces of whole milk. Add this to warm bath water and let the gentle aroma of jasmine work its magic on the senses.
Despite its many benefits, some may find jasmine simply too costly to use. In this case the most cost-effective and truly natural method to enjoy the fragrance of jasmine may be to grow the living plant.
Jasmine grows and flowers relatively easily in rich, moist, but well-drained potting soil. When in flower a single plant will strongly scent an entire room or patio on a still summer’s eve.

Γκρεϊπφρουτ

Grapefruit Essential Oil

 Το Γκρεϊπφρουτ (Grapefruit) προέρχεται από το φυτό με την κοινή ονομασία Citrus Paradisi. Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Γκρεϊπφρουτ προέρχεται από ψυχρή έκθλιψη της φλούδας των καρπών του και έχει ένα δροσερό, γλυκό, κιτρώδες άρωμα.

Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Γκρεϊπφρουτ χρησιμοποιείται για μείωση του άγχους, ενάντια στην κατάθλιψη, την ανορεξία ή τη δυσπεψία, την κατακράτηση υγρών, την κυτταρίτιδα, το λιπαρό δέρμα, τη νευρική εξάντληση, την παχυσαρκία, τον πυρετό και την έλλειψη συγκέντρωσης. Επίσης χρησιμοποιείται ως αντιμολυσματικό, αντισηπτικό, απολυμαντικό, διουρητικό, καταπραϋντικό, στυπτικό και τονωτικό. Χαρίζει αισιοδοξία, αυτοεκτίμηση και ζωντάνια.

Το αιθέριο έλαιο του Γκρεϊπφρουτ συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: lemon, palmarosa, bergamot, neroli, rosemary, geranium, lavender,cypress.

The origin of the grapefruit poses a bit of a botanical mystery. Its appearance and flavor indicate that it’s a hybrid between a large, sour citrus fruit called the shaddock (Citrus maxima) and the sweet orange (Citrus sinensis). No records of any deliberate hybridization between the two plants have been found. Grapefruits share characteristics of both fruits: in a ripe grapefruit the tart flesh of the shaddock is tempered with the juicy sweetness of the orange. Surveys of citrus populations in the Old World and Asia haven’t been able to confirm the presence of any native-growing grapefruit trees. Similar searches in the West Indies, however, have uncovered many populations of apparently naturally growing grapefruit. It’s a puzzling question whether the grapefruit was deliberately bred or emerged as a spontaneous hybrid in some old Caribbean citrus grove.
The modern American grapefruit growing industry developed in Florida in the mid-1800s. Many of the early varieties of fruit resemble their wild-growing cousins in that they’re smaller and contain many seeds. More recent hybrids are bred for appearance and size. The shelf-appeal and seedlessness of varieties developed for the fresh fruit market have been bred at the expense of flavor. Because the older varieties are often superior in taste and juiciness, they are used to make grapefruit juice. The extraction of the essential oil is a by-product of the juicing process.
The grapefruit’s essential oil glands are deeply imbedded in the flavedo, the outer peel of the fruit. The thick, spongy white layer of the peel is known as the albedo. The albedo will absorb and decrease the yield of essential oil if the two layers aren’t carefully separated before extraction. This separation is done by machines that roll and scrape the flavedo away from the fruit before it goes on to be juiced. The abraded flavedo forms a wet, pulpy mass that’s put in a centrifuge, where the oil is separated from the solids. The solids can then be pressed for additional oil. The extracted oil is filtered and bottled.
Using this method of extraction, a ton of fresh fruit will produce 1.5 pounds of essential oil. A much more substantial yield of 25 pounds of essential oil could be obtained if the peels were chopped and steam distilled, but steam distillation destroys the delicate, sweet-smelling constituents of the fresh peel. The quality of this oil would be unsuitable, especially for aromatherapy purposes.
Grapefruit peel contains fatty substances including linolenic, linoleic and oleic acids. The waxy cuticle of the fruit contains various hydrocarbons, phytosterol and pectin. During processing these solid materials dissolve in the oil. Later they may precipitate out in the finished oil, producing a cloud of particles. Usually these are filtered out during production, but they occasionally show up in lesser refined oils. If this happens, simply pouring the oil through a coffee filter will remove most of the particles.
Grapefruit oil contains 90 percent of the terpene hydrocarbon limonene. Limonene is present at similar levels in many citrus oils. Subtle mixes of minor constituents — unique to each citrus fruit — produce variations in aroma that allow us to distinguish between lemon, orange and grapefruit. Grapefruit contains a small amount of a unique alcohol known as paradisiol, which takes its name from the plant’s species designation.
The constituents of grapefruit essential oil combine to produce a fragrance that is fresh, fruity and clean. Good quality expressed oils have a fragrance nearly identical to the broken peel of a fresh grapefruit. Oils that smell musty, fatty, or lack the tart nuance that distinguishes fresh grapefruit probably contain distilled grapefruit oil. Keep in mind that all expressed, non-distilled citrus oils, including grapefruit, are fresh botanical products that age faster than steam distilled oils. High temperatures, bright light and exposure to air will rapidly decrease the oil’s aromatic profile. Store all citrus oils in light-proof glass in a cool, dark place not subject to temperature variations.
The delectable aroma of grapefruit has a pronounced impact on the senses and emotions. In aromatherapy applications, grapefruit is refreshing, cheering, slightly euphoria-inducing and slightly energizing. Grapefruit’s sweet and familiar aroma can evoke warm feelings that melt sour dispositions. Grapefruit is a “releasing” oil — so personalities that tend to harbor resentment or keep emotions bottled up can benefit from inhaling this oil.
Emotional Release Blend
The delectable aroma of grapefruit has a pronounced impact on the senses and emotions. In aromatherapy applications, grapefruit is refreshing, cheering, slightly euphoria-inducing and slightly energizing. Grapefruit’s sweet and familiar aroma can evoke warm feelings that melt sour dispositions. Grapefruit is a “releasing” oil — so personalities that tend to harbor resentment or keep emotions bottled up can benefit from inhaling this oil.

Δεντρολιβανο

Rosemary Essential Oil

 Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Δεντρολιβανου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για προβλήματα κυκλοφορικού, για τον πονοκέφαλο, την κούραση, τις μολύνσεις του δέρματος, τους μυϊκούς πόνους, για κράμπες, βελτίωση μνήμης, πνευματική διαύγεια και πονοκεφάλους.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Δεντρολιβανου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: frankincense, cedarwood, peppermint, basil, pine, citronella, lavender.

Rosemary is an herb in the labiatae (mint) family. In its native habitat it grows in rocky Mediterranean soils as a shrubby, evergreen plant that can grow to six feet tall in sheltered areas. However, conditions on the windswept slopes of the region usually keep the bush smaller. Rosemary’s name is fitting given its wild growing conditions: the Latin word ros means “dew”, and marinus means “sea”. The aromatic green and silver, needle-like leaves of rosemary are often sprayed by the sea mists blowing in from the Mediterranean.
In early spring, rosemary bears clusters of mottled, sky blue flowers on the previous season’s growth. The flowers contain large amounts of a sweetly pungent essential oil with an aroma reminiscent of pine needles.
Cultivated forms of rosemary include plants with decorative golden foliage, pink and white flowered forms, and interesting bonsai-like sprawling plants. The chemical make-up of the essential oils varies in the many different cultivars.
Rosemary has a long history of culinary and medicinal use, it’s also been used in magic and religious ritual. Like many other pungent herbs, rosemary has antibacterial properties. In the days before refrigeration, herbs like rosemary, thyme and hyssop were rubbed into fresh meat to prevent spoilage. The flavoring possibilities of many herbs were most likely discovered through this preservative effect. Today rosemary is widely used in cooking, especially with roasted meats like lamb.
The 17th-century herbalist Gerard gives us an indication of how rosemary was regarded in early medicine:
Rosmarie is given against all fluxes of bloud; it is also good, especially the floures thereof, for all infirmities of the head and braine, proceeding of a cold and moist caufe; for they drain the brain, quicken the senses and memorie . . .
An old French term for rosemary was incensier. This may refer to the use of rosemary as a substitute for expensive frankincense or myrrh-based incense in ancient Greece and Rome. Rosemary was the incense of the poor or lower classes, being easily harvested from the wild. The upper class and nobility could afford the more costly imported resins and aromatic spices for their rituals.
Before the advent of modern medicine, rosemary was burned, along with juniper berries, as a disinfectant in French hospitals.
Gerard’s reference to rosemary being used to quicken the memory comes from an ancient belief that rosemary can sharpen the memory and inspire fond remembrance. In Shakespeare’s Hamlet, Ophelia says:
There’s rosemary, that’s for remembrance; pray love, remember . . .
This tradition of regarding rosemary as the herb of remembrance has been carried on by brides carrying sprigs of the plant in their wedding bouquets. In some European countries it is still a custom to carry rosemary in funeral processions and to cast the herb into the grave at the burial ceremony.
Rosemary’s rich and varied history is attributable to its fragrant essential oil. The main constituents include cineole, camphor and camphene, which give the oil its medicinal eucalyptus-like aroma. Pinene and small amounts of bornyl acetate, borneol and linalool produce the foresty, sweet undertone of the oil.
When steam distilled, the fresh, flowering branchlets of rosemary produce about 0.6% essential oil. Today most distillation takes place in Spain and Tunisia. The distillation season coincides with the blooming of the plants in spring. The flowers and leaves produce the highest quality oil with a better balance of camphoraceous and sweet aroma constituents. The woody, non-flowering portions of the plant produce a lesser grade essential oil, with a pronounced camphor aroma.
At one time an expensive rosemary flower oil was produced in Spain and France by distilling only the leaves and fresh flowers. These were carefully stripped by hand from the woody stems. This sweetly scented, expensive oil was especially good for use in perfumes, forest-type colognes and lavender scented products. Today it’s much cheaper to blend isolated constituents such as linalool with a standard quality rosemary to achieve a similar effect.
Current commercial uses for rosemary include the scenting of colognes and aftershaves, soaps, detergents and disinfectants.
Aromatherapists use rosemary’s briskly energizing aroma to combat nervous exhaustion and fatigue. This effect can be so powerful that rosemary is not recommended for use by people with epilepsy or high blood pressure.
Rosemary oil acts as an astringent and will help regulate or decrease oily secretions of the hair folicles. For this reason rosemary hair care preparations are often used by people with greasy hair and dandruff.
Energizing Rosemary Hair Oil
Rosemary oil acts as an astringent and will help regulate or decrease oily secretions of the hair folicles. For this reason rosemary hair care preparations are often used by people with greasy hair and dandruff.
Refreshing Eau de Cologne Mist
Aromatherapists use rosemary’s briskly energizing aroma to combat nervous exhaustion and fatigue. This effect can be so powerful that rosemary is not recommended for use by people with epilepsy or high blood pressure.
Grow your own aromatherapy. Inhaling the fragrance of fresh, living rosemary is the most natural way to enjoy the therapeutic effects of this aromatic herb. Rosemary is easy to grow year round on a sunny south-facing window sill. Give the plant as much light as possible and keep the soil slightly moist. As the plant grows, pinch out the growing tips for use.

Δαφνη

Bay Essential Oil

 Η Δαφνη (Bay Leaf) προέρχεται από το φυτό με την κοινή ονομασία Pimenta Racemosa. Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Δαφνης προέρχεται από απόσταξη ατμού των φύλλων της και έχει ένα δυνατό πικάντικο χαρακτηριστικό άρωμα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Δαφνης χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για αρθρίτιδα, αϋπνία, δερματίτιδα, ως εντομοαπωθητικό, θερμαντικό, αντισηπτικό, αφροδισιακό και τονωτικό. Επίσης για μώλωπες, πληγές, αιματώματα, ρευματισμούς, τριχόπτωση και ενισχυτικό της συγκέντρωσης.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο της Δαφνης συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: Bergamot, Virginian Cedarwood, Eucalyptus, Fennel, Ginger, Orange, Patchouli, Rosemary, Ylang-ylang.

Botanical Name: Pimenta racemosa (Miller) J. W. Moore
Family: Myrtaceae.
Synonyms: Pimenta acris Kostel ; Myrcia acris ; Myrcia oil; bay leaf oil; bay rum tree; bay berry; wild cinnamon.
Origin: Native to the West Indies. It’s grown in St. Thomas, Puerto Rico, and throughout the Caribbean Islands, where it’s cultivated for extractive purposes.
Botanical Description: A small wild-growing evergreen tree with large leathery leaves and aromatic fruits. It grows up to 8-meters (26 ft) high.
Oil Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the leaves. The oil is a yellow mobile liquid. Yield 0.75 to 1.5%.
Aroma Profile: Has a fresh-spicy top note, with a rich sweet-balsamic undertone. Faintly sweet-balsamic dry out.
Major Constituents: eugenol (about 55%), myrcene, chavicol.
Adulterants: Clove oil and its fractions.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20.
Aromatherapy: Bay essential oil is relaxing and warming.
Blends well with: Lavender, lavandin, rosemary, geranium, citrus oils, ylang ylang.
Safety Data: Moderately toxic. Avoid during pregnancy.

Δυοσμος

Spearmint Essential Oil

 Ο Δυοσμος είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Μenta Spicata .Το αιθεριο ελαιο του δυοσμου προέρχεται από απόσταξη ατμού των φύλλων του και έχει ένα λίγο πιο γλυκό άρωμα από την Μέντα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο τoυ δυοσμου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για ρύθμιση της αναπνοής, βελτίωση πνευματικής διαύγειας και μνήμης. Επίσης σε περιπτώσεις αδυναμίας, λήθαργου, ναυτίας, πυρετού και πονοκέφαλου έχει ευεργετικά αποτελέσματα.  Το αιθεριο ελαιο του δυοσμου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με Grapefruit, Lavender, Rosemary,Lemon,Basil.

Botanical Name: Mentha spicata L.
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae).
Synonyms: Mentha viridis L.; common spearmint; garden spearmint; green mint; lamb mint; pea mint; fish mint.
Origin: Thought to have originated in Europe. Now cultivated throughout, Asia, Europe, Middle East and the USA . Oil is produced mostly in the USA, England, France, Spain, Russia, India, China, Germany.
Botanical Description: A perennial hardy branched plant with bright green, lance shaped, sharply toothed leaves, quickly spreading underground runners and white flowers clustered in the form of spikes. The plant is from 25 to 75-cm (10 to 30 in) high.
Oil Extraction: Essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the newly flowering tops-partially dried. The oil is a pale yellow to colorless mobile liquid. Yield 0.7%.
Aroma Profile: The top note is very fresh, sweet, minty, green, weedy. The middle note is strong, warm, minty-weedy, sweet. Dry out is warm, minty.
Major Constituents: Carvone (60%), limonene (20%), dihydrocarvone, β-bourbonene, β-caryophyllene, myrcene, α-pinene.
Adulterants: With synthetic carvone.
Regulatory Status: GRAS 182.20. 172.230.
Aromatherapy: Spearmint essential oil is cooling, gently vitalizing, and refreshing.
Blends well with: Lavender, rosemary, lavandin, eucalyptus, jasmine, sage, lime, basil, peppermint.
Safety Data: Non-toxic, non-irritating, non-sensitizing.

Ευκαλυπτος

Eucalyptus Essential Oil

 Ο Ευκάλυπτος είναι ένα από τα σημαντικότερα έλαια στη σύγχρονη αρωματοθεραπεία. Απαραίτητο το Χειμώνα.
Ο Ευκαλυπτος (Eucalyptus) είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Eucalyptus Globulus. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Ευκαλυπτου προέρχεται από απόσταξη των φύλλων του και έχει μια έντονη δροσερή μυρωδιά καμφοράς.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Ευκαλυπτου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για το άσθμα, το βήχα, το συνάχι, την ιγμορίτιδα, τη φαρυγγίτιδα, τις μεταδοτικές ασθένειες, τη βρογχίτιδα, τις μολύνσεις του δέρματος, τους ρευματισμούς.

The genus Eucalyptus makes up nearly 3/4 of Australia’s total number of plant species. In the late 1700s, early botanists first tackled the job of describing the more than 500 species of eucalyptus trees. The job isn’t yet complete. New varieties and hybrids are still being discovered, and old classifications revised.
The genus name is derived from the Greek eu, meaning “well”, and kalyptos, meaning “cover”. Eu kalyptos refers to the well-covered flower buds, which are cone shaped and have a lid-like structure that opens as the flowers mature. Aromatherapists and over-the-counter pharmaceutical manufacturers might take the name to mean that eucalyptus covers well a variety of common conditions. Aromatherapists use the oil for its energizing, clarifying aroma. Lots of the hundreds of colds and flu preparations available — cough drops, throat lozenges and chest rubs — contain eucalyptus oil and its derivatives.
Eucalyptus trees are known as gum trees because they exude a sticky, tannin-rich substance known as kino. Thanks to its astringent properties, kino has a history of medicinal use. At one time it was also used as a tanning agent in the manufacture of leather goods.
Another common name for eucalyptus is fever tree. Nineteenth-century British colonists, noting the fragrant, medicinal aroma of eucalyptus groves, planted the trees in tropical fever ridden districts throughout the Empire in an effort to drive away insects and contagious disease. An added plus (in the colonists’ eyes) was that the trees also tended to dry out water-logged soils with their extensive, hungry root systems, making marshy soils into arable, habitable land. This deterred disease-carrying insects, especially mosquitoes, which need standing water to breed.
Today eucalyptus essential oil is distilled not only in Australia and Tasmania but in Brazil, California, China, India, Portugal, Russia and Spain.
The many different euczalyptus species along with the oils they produce can be divided into three groups:
1. Medicinal and aromatherapy oils such as E. globulus and E. radiata
2. Industrial oils
3. Perfumery oils, mainly E. citriodora
The primary active constituent in the medicinal/aromatherapy eucalyptus species is cineol, also known as eucalyptol. Cineol’s medicinal, camphoraceous aroma has antiseptic and expectorant properties. The brisk aroma is energizing.
Species of eucalyptus oils that are used in industry contain constituents used in flotation, a process used mainly in the mining industry to separate ore particles from unwanted minerals.
The eucalyptus oil most often used in perfumery is eucalyptus citriodora, the lemon-scented eucalyptus. Lemon eucalyptus contains up to 90% citronellal along with geraniol. Both of these constituents are primary fragrancing compounds in the perfume and cosmetics industry. Such a high percentage of citronellal in one botanical source makes its extraction very cost-effective.
All eucalyptus oils are produced through steam distillation of the fresh leaves and branch tips. The initial distillation yields a darker yellow oil than most commercially available oil. This is because the crude oil is redistilled or rectified, removing various less stable constituents that would cause the oil to deteriorate more rapidly. It also produces a more consistent product with the characteristic cineol constituent predominating. People familiar with the sweet, fresh-woody aroma of green eucalyptus leaves are often confused by the more medicinal aroma of the oil. This difference is due to the chemical changes that naturally take place when heat is applied in distillation and redistillation. Also, some aroma constituents in the living plant are not a part of the essential oil. For those wishing to use a sweeter eucalyptus the lemon-scented variety is a good alternative.
Eucalyptus Massage Oil
Aromatherapy applications rely on the activating, vitalizing and energizing actions the aroma of eucalyptus inspires. An activating eucalyptus massage oil is effective for sore and aching muscles. Featuring eucalyptus, lavender, peppermint, rosewood and wintergreen.

Eucalyotus Spritzer
This activating formula is great to carry in the gym. Whenever a workout routine needs a little boost simply spritz your face lightly and inhale the fresh, invigorating aroma. Featuring eucalyptus, lavender, lemon, petitgrain
and spearmint

The use of eucalyptus oil in spiritual aromatherapy is limited, probably because its aroma is so powerful and medicinal. But small amounts of eucalyptus oil skillfully blended with uplifting, gently inspiring oils such as bergamot, lemon and lavender support and activate transcendent, as opposed to deeply reflective, meditative inner work.
Eucalyptus Spiritually Energizing Blend
Small amounts of eucalyptus oil skillfully blended with uplifting, gently inspiring oils such as bergamot, lemon and lavender support and activate transcendent, as opposed to deeply reflective, meditative inner work.
The uses and aromatherapy applications of eucalyptus essential oils are as varied and adaptable as the widely planted trees themselves. Medicine, industry, perfumery and of course aromatherapy have all come to rely on the properties of eucalyptus oil, and are likely to do so in the future.

Θυμαρι

 Το Θυμαρι (White Thyme) προέρχεται από το φυτό με την κοινή ονομασία Thymus Vulgaris. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Θυμαριου προέρχεται από απόσταξη ατμού των φύλλων και ανθών του και έχει ένα δροσερό, βοτανικό, χαρακτηριστικό άρωμα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Θυμαριου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία για το κρύωμα, το βήχα, τις μεταδοτικές ασθένειες και τη βρογχίτιδα, για ανακούφιση μυϊκών πόνων και ως ενισχυτικό της μνήμης και της συγκέντρωσης.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Θυμαριου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με: bergamot, lemon, rosemary, lavender, sweet marjoram.

 Thyme, White, Essential Oil

 Botanical Name: Thymus vulgaris

 White Thyme oil is a natural way to really boost your immune system. White Thyme is a potent antiseptic that is used in hospitals throughout Africa to completely rid the air of germs. White Thyme is so incredibly potent that it has been reportedly used to disarm the Anthrax virus. There’s nothing like it for use with skin and respiratory infections. It is also a powerful natural tonic for the nervous system. Combines well with Eucalyptus, Rosemary, and Tea Tree.

Χαμομηλι Ρωμαϊκο

 Chamomile, Roman

 Το Ρωμαϊκο Χαμομηλι (Chamomile Roman) είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού Anthemis Nobilis. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Χαμομηλιου προέρχεται από απόσταξη των ανθών του και έχει ένα γλυκό φρουτένιο άρωμα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Χαμομηλιου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία ως καταπραυντικό, χαλαρωτικό, υπνωτικό, για αρθρίτιδες, αλλεργίες και δερματίτιδες.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Χαμομηλιου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με : bergamot, cypress, jasmine, juniper, neroli, frankincense, clary sage, vetiver, rosemary, ylang ylang.

 Roman chamomile contains only trace amounts of the intense blue component azulene, which gives German chamomile its color. This oil is commonly used in perfumery. It blends well with bergamot, jasmine, neroli and clary sage, lending a warm, fresh note when added in small quantities. The aroma is not long-lasting like that of the German chamomile but it is a mild, soothing oil. Aromatherapy benefits: relaxing, calming.

Χαμομηλι Γερμανικο

 Chamomile, German

 Το Γερμανικο Χαμομηλι (Chamomile German) είναι η κοινή ονομασία του φυτού (Matricaria recutita). Το γερμανικό χαμομήλι, που είναι πιο διαδεδομένο σε σχέση με το ρωμαϊκο, θεωρείται ανώτερο ποιοτικά απο αυτό και πιο δραστικό. Είναι πραγματικά το μπλέ θαύμα της αρωματοθεραπείας και αποτελεί ένα πολύτιμο σύμμαχο για πολλές παθήσεις. Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γερμανικου Χαμομηλιου προέρχεται από απόσταξη των ανθών του και έχει ένα γλυκό βοτανώδες άρωμα.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γερμανικου Χαμομηλιου χρησιμοποιείται στην αρωματοθεραπεία ως καταπραυντικό, χαλαρωτικό, υπνωτικό, για αρθρίτιδες, μελανιές, αλλεργίες, δερματίτιδες, ακμή, έκζεμα και φουσκάλες.

Το αιθεριο ελαιο του Γερμανικου Χαμομηλιου συνδυάζεται πολύ καλά με : petitgrain, pattchouli, bergamot, cypress, jasmine, juniper, neroli, frankincense, clary sage, vetiver, rosemary, ylang ylang.

 The oil of German chamomile is also known as blue chamomile. The color of the oil is deep blue, turning green then brown with age and exposure to light. The odor is sweet, tobacco-like and fruity, apple-like. It adds a warm, long-lasting, rich undertone in perfumes. Chamomile is a mild, soothing oil and is popular in massage blends and other herbal preparations. Aromatherapy benefits: calming, relaxing, soothing

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Posted on October 20, 2012, in HEALTH AND BEAUTY FROM THE NATURE- THE GREEN PHARMACY. Bookmark the permalink. Leave a comment.

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